Symbiosis: 2 Billions Years in the Making

I woke up this morning feeling tired; as if I had no energy. Of course, by the time my feet hit the floor, I realized this was quite impossible. Thanks to a 2 billion-year-old symbiotic relationship that lives within every one of our cells, thanks to our mothers. I am referring of course to mitochondria, …

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Of Spiderlings, DNA, and Collective Memory.

Children sometimes come out with the most significant questions, and in their innocence, often assume we have the answer. Usually, we do not. On the few lucky occasions, however, we may, in fact, know how to answer. I recall having a conversation with a small child as we finished reading “Charlottes Web.” She turned to …

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Two Kirks, One Ship

I recall as a child watching an episode of Star Trek where a malfunction in the transporter created two Captain Kirks. Although I was very young at the time, I recall wondering, if the transporter disassembled and then reassembled matter how could there be two full-sized Captain Kirks? Wouldn’t the best possible outcome be two …

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